The Three Branches of U.S. Government
To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial.
To ensure the government is effective and citizens’ rights are protected, each branch has its own powers and responsibilities, including working with the other branches.
The Legislative Branch
The legislative branch is made up of the House and Senate, known collectively as the Congress. Among other powers, the legislative branch makes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies. The following are legislative branch organizations:
The Legislative Process:
The Executive Branch
The executive branch consists of the President, his or her advisors and various departments and agencies. This branch is responsible for enforcing the laws of the land. The following are executive branch organizations and agencies
The Judicial Branch
The judicial branch consists of:
According to the Constitution, "The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
"The Federal Judicial Center is the education and research agency for the federal courts.
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